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Give precedence to that which meets the eye and turn your back on what is beyond our knowledge. Profuse references are preserved in the Chinese versions of Buddhist writings. This reliance on indirect sources raises the question of reliability and whether there was a bias and exaggeration in representing the views of Charvakas. Religion : Charvakas rejected many of the standard religious conceptions of Hindus, Buddhists and Jains, such as afterlife, reincarnation, samsara, karma and religious rites. Although materialist schools existed before Charvaka, it was the only school which systematised materialist philosophy by setting them down in the form of aphorisms in the 6th century BC. 200–350 CE) mentions Lokayata, where it is listed among subjects of study, and with the sense of "technical logical science". References to Lokãyata have been preserved in several Chinese writings also. The tenets of the Charvaka atheistic doctrines can be traced to the relatively later composed layers of the Rigveda, while substantial discussions on the Charvaka is found in post-Vedic literature. One of the widely studied references to the Charvaka philosophy is the Sarva-darśana-saṅgraha (etymologically all-philosophy-collection), a famous work of 14th century Advaita Vedanta philosopher Mādhava Vidyāraṇya from South India, which starts with a chapter on the Charvaka system. Sarva-Darsana-Samgraha.by.Madhavacharya-Vidyaranya.tr.by.E.B.Cowell Identifier-ark ark:/13960/t5m913t07 Ocr ABBYY FineReader 8.0 Pages 291 Ppi 300 Year 1882 . N. V. Isaeva (1 January 1993). Leiden, E.J. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Read The Sarva-Darsana-Sangraha of Madhava Acharya or Review of the Different Systems of Hindu Philosophy book reviews & author details and more at Amazon.in. This epistemological proposition of Charvakas was influential among various schools of in Bharat's philosophies, by demonstrating a new way of thinking and re-evaluation of past doctrines. Epic India, Or, India as Described in the Mahabharata and the Ramayana. Arrive at a conclusion, therefore, that there is nothing beyond this Universe. However, the representation of the Charvaka thought in these works is not always firmly grounded in first-hand knowledge of Charvaka texts and should be viewed critically. On state craft, Charvakas believe, states Mubarak, that it is best when "knowledge of just administration and benevolent government" is practiced. Tarka-Sangraha Last updated February 02, 2020. ISBN 81-703-0875-5 . To Charvakas, the text states, the Vedas suffered from several faults – errors in transmission across generations, untruth, self-contradiction and tautology. Its theories and development has been compiled from historic secondary literature such as those found in the shastras (such as the Arthashastra), sutras and the epics (the Mahabharata and Ramayana) of Hinduism as well as from the dialogues of Gautama Buddha and Jain literature. They were critical of the Vedas, as well as Buddhist scriptures. "Cārvāka Fragments: A New Collection". Sarva-darsana-sangraha of Madhavacharya. World is self -existent. … 75, No. Sarvadars'ana Sangraha: Or An Epitome Of The Different Systems Of Indian Philosophy (1858) (Russian Edition) [Madhava, Madhava, Bidyasagara, ?svaracandra] on Amazon.com. The Sarva-Darsana-Samgraha or Review of the different systems of Hindu philosophy by Mādhava. Radhakrishnan, Sarvepalli and Moore, Charles (1957). Lokayata in Ancient India and China a paper by Rasik Vihari Joshi outlines the three other references to prove that Buddhist literature was also fully familar with Lokäyata. If we Sangraha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. The Upãnga literature is equally important in Jainism. We can also refute it in the following ways : (a.) Quote: These atheistical doctrines existed from the earliest times as their traces are visible even in the Rigveda in some hymns of which Prof Max Muller pointed out the curious traces of an incipient scepticism. There are no reviews yet. A Source Book in Bharat's Philosophy. Matter itself is the basis of consciousness. Sanskrit poems and plays like the Naiá¹£adha-carita, Prabodha-candrodaya, Āgama-dambara, Vidvanmoda-taraṅgiṇī and KādambarÄ« contain representations of the Charvaka thought. Shanti Parva, Chapter XXXIX The Mahabharata, KM Ganguli (Translator), Satischandra Chatterjee and Dhirendramohan Datta. No independent works on Charvaka philosophy can be found except for a few sÅ«tras composed by Brihaspati. atom) is due to the inherent potentiality of matter itself and thus denied the necessity of accepting any super-natural agency such as God to account for creation. Supernatural Causes : Charvakas also rejected the use of supernatural causes to describe natural phenomena. C. Consciousness is produced by the combination of elements. Posted on November 25, 2009 by bharateeya. Summary: The Sarva-darsana-samgraha (English translation) of Madhava Acharya is a compendium of different philosophical schools of Hindu thought and Pancadasi, an important text in the Advaita Vedanta tradition. Bhattacharya, Ramkrishna. Shatdarshan Samuchay and Sarvadarśanasaṅ̇graha of Vidyaranya are a few other works which elucidate Charvaka thought. Eighth Reprint Edition. Condensed by Mahamahopadhyaya Sri R V Krishnamachariar, it retains some of the best picturesque descriptions of the great poet, while also pruning out enough to ensure that the story moves at a faster pace. This seems to be none else but Brhaspati Sütra. Asian Educational Services. Sensory experience is the only valid source of knowledge. Pramanas : Charvaka epistemology represents minimalist pramāṇas in Hindu philosophy. The Sütra-krtanga and the Bhagavati Sütra ( V Section ) of Jain literature, and the Samanna-phala-sutra , the Mahãvibhãsã-sãstra , the Mahâyâna-nirvâna sutra and the Lankävatära-sütra of Buddhist literature contain valuable information regarding Lokãyata. Rated based on 15 10 Mar Very useful for Sanskrit students and teachers. Who knows for certain that next birth and next world exist ? Srikantha Murthy Astanga Hridaya Sutra Sthan. ISBN 978-0-7914-1281-7. Vidyaranya (IAST: Vidyāraṇya) is variously known as a kingmaker, patron saint and high priest to Harihara I and Bukka Raya I, the founders of the Vijayanagara Empire.He was the 12th Jagadguru of the Śringeri Śarada PÄ«tham from 1380-1386.. Vidyaranya helped the brothers establish the empire sometime in 1336. Charvaka holds direct perception as proper sources of knowledge hence they rule out ‘inference’ and ‘testimony’ as the source and criterion of knowledge. He notes that Charvakas considered paradise as "the state in which man lives as he chooses, without control of another", while hell as "the state in which he lives subject to another's rule". New Delhi: Indian Books Centre /Sri Satguru Publications. denoted, while the genus is implied [as a characteristic. E. Gough. (2.108.17)". 0 Ratings 0 Want to read; 0 Currently reading; 0 Have read; This edition published in 1882 by Trübner in London. ISBN 81-7650-190-5. Cowell and A.E. Sharma, Chandradhar (1987). Lokãyata declared that there was no milk in the veins of a Brahmin and blood only in a Südra. Star Publications (P) Ltd, Delhi. There was a base text, a collection sÅ«tras or aphorisms and several commentaries were written to explicate the aphorisms. So long there is body, there is soul; when body is destroyed soul is also destroyed. Vedic tenets lay down dharma as applicable to a different people in different walks of life. Similar To ashtanga hridaya.. Materialism in India: A Synoptic View. Retrieved 27 July 2012. Right now we’re getting over 1.5 million daily unique visitors and storing more than 70 petabytes of data. 194 THE SARVA-DARSANA-SANGRAHA. Retrieved 31 December 2013. Chaturpata, Atharvan Ved 's, Religious Spiritual Books Library Section, 06 six Dharshan Shastra such as Purva Mimasa Karma Sutras of Jeimini, Utter Mimansa Bramha Sutrs of Ved Vayasha, Brahma Samhita, Vedant Darshan, Brahma Sutras, Nyaya Darshan shastras, Vaisheshika Darshan Shastra, Sankhaya Darshan, Yog Darshan Shastras of Patanjali etc. Since memory, feelings, senses and life exist only in body, and not outside the body, they are simply attributes of body. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Shanti Parva, Chapter XXXIX The Mahabharata, KM Ganguli (Translator) To them all natural phenomena was produced spontaneously from the inherent nature of things. 218 THE SARVA-DARSANA-SANGRAHA. Metaphysics : Since none of the means of knowing were found to be worthy to establish the invariable connection between middle term and predicate, Charvakas concluded that the inference could not be used to ascertain metaphysical truths. Agama Hindu kadadosang agama sané pinih tua sané wénten ngantos mangkin. िकी, literally, examining by reason, logical philosophies) – Yoga, Samkhya and Lokāyata. Who knows that good and bad actions result in happiness and unhappiness ? Traditionally darsana is defined as one that envisions the true nature of of the world (samsara), the cause of binding ( mula karana) and the path to liberation of self (nishreyasa). ", doi:10.1111/j.1467-9744.2012.01274.x. Tattvopaplavasimha (Status as a Carvaka text disputed), Bhattacharya, Ramakrishna (2002). The primary literature of Charvaka, such as the Brhaspati Sutra is missing or lost. By submitting, you agree to receive donor-related emails from the Internet Archive. Your privacy is important to us. p. 503. meant individual things [and not classes or genera], the. Brill, 1969 Therefore, Charvakas denied metaphysical concepts like reincarnation, an extracorporeal soul, the efficacy of religious rites, other worlds (heaven and hell), fate and accumulation of merit or demerit through the performance of certain actions. These sutras predate 150 BC, because they are mentioned in the Mahābhāṣya (7.3.45). Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article. ISBN 81-7007-006-6. KādambarÄ« Sangraha (Part 1) Kadambarisangraha – is a condensed version of the great prose work Kadambari by Banabhatta. Lokäyatika as wicked doctrine. In 2020 the Internet Archive has seen unprecedented use—and we need your help. Hindu, Buddhist and Jain scholars extensively deployed Charvaka insights on inference in rational re-examination of their own theories. quality belonging to an organ of sense l (sc. Raman (2012), Hinduism and Science: Some Reflections, Zygon - Journal of Religion and Science, 47(3): "Aside from nontheistic schools like the Samkhya, there have also been explicitly atheistic schools in the Hindu tradition. This philosophy rejects the concept of gods and souls, as they are beyond perceptual experience. Princeton University Press. as colour is to the eye." The Buddhist Sanskrit work Divyavadana (ca. There is no result of good or bad actions. The other schools of Hinduism developed and accepted multiple valid forms of pramāṇas. Buddhists, Jains, Advaita Vedantins and Nyāya philosophers considered the Charvakas as one of their opponents and tried to refute their views. In 8th century CE Jaina literature, Saddarsanasamuccaya by Haribhadra, Lokayata is stated to be the Hindu school where there is "no God, no samsara (rebirth), no karma, no duty, no fruits of merit, no papa." SUNY Press. Critics of Vedas : The Sarvadarśanasaṃgraha with commentaries by Madhavacharya describes the Charvakas as critical of Vedas, materialists without morals and ethics. Shastras in English, Hindi, Marathi, Sanskrit … Be the first one to, Sarva-Darsana-Samgraha by Madhavacharya (Vidyaranya Swami) - tr by E.B.Cowell, Sarva-Darsana-Samgraha.by.Madhavacharya-Vidyaranya.tr.by.E.B.Cowell, Advanced embedding details, examples, and help, Madhavacharya (Vidyaranya Swami), E.B. To Charvakas, Pratyaká¹£a (perception) was the one valid way to knowledge and other means of knowledge were either always conditional or invalid. Glimpses of Bharat's Culture. In the epic Mahabharata, Book 12 Chapter 39, a villain who dresses up like a scholar, self appoints himself as spokesperson for all scholars, and who then advises Yudhishthira to act unethically, is named Charvaka. ed.). Cowell and A.E. Sarva-Darsana Sangraha of Madhava Acharya: Review of Different Systems of Hindu Philosophy. Charvakas hold that Matter is the only reality and believe that matter has always existed and will always exist. Delhi. Digital Rare Book : Sarva Darsana Samgraha or Review of Different Systems of Hindu Philosophy By Madhava Acharya Translated by E.B. Consciousness becomes stronger by rich food and exercise. Gough, Terms of Service (last updated 12/31/2014). Charvakas, believe that truth can be known only through the sense organs. HaribhadrasÅ«ri (Translator: M Jain, 1989), Saddarsanasamuccaya, Asiatic Society, OCLC 255495691, CV Vaidya (2001). Madhavacharya, the 13th & 14th-century Vedantic philosopher from South India starts his famous work The Sarva-darsana-sangraha with a chapter on the Cārvāka system with the intention of refuting it. We build and maintain all our own systems, but we don’t charge for access, sell user information, or run ads. Since consciousness is connected only with body, body itself is soul. ISBN 0-691-01958-4. One virulently anti-supernatural system is/was the so-called Charvaka school. Advaita Vedanta scholars considered six means of valid knowledge and to truths: Pratyaká¹£a (perception), Anumāṇa (inference), Upamāṇa (comparison and analogy), Arthāpatti (postulation), Anupalabdi (non-perception, cognitive proof) and Śabda (word, testimony of past or present reliable experts). Both pamri and 152.163.100.7 are correct; Madhvacharya, the exponent of dvaida-vada did not write Sarva-darsana-sangraha. We do not sell or trade your information with anyone. Matter is both the material and efficient cause of the universe. Sarvadars'ana Sangraha: Or An Epitome Of The Different Systems Of Indian Philosophy (1858) (Russian Edition) It is declared that motion in matter (i.e. Kruna Hindu mawit saking kruna Sindhu saking Basa Sanskerta, inggih punika wastan silih sinunggil tukad sané magenah ring Subbenua India. (...) Two things are therefore clear that the Brihaspatya tenets also called Charvaka tenets are of a very old standing..."# Ramkrishna Bhattacharya (2013), The base text and its commentaries: Problem of representing and understanding the Charvaka / Lokayata, Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal, Issue 1, Volume 3, A. K. Sinha (1994), Traces of Materialism in Early Vedic Thought: A Study, Annals of the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, Vol. Cowell, A.E. Instead, we rely on individual generosity to fund our infrastructure; we're powered by donations averaging $32. Asthanga Hridayam means the essence or heart of the eight limbs.. Ashtanga Hridaya are included under Vrihattrayi. Its methodology of skepticism is included in the Ramayana, Ayodhya kanda, chapter 108, where Jabāli tries to persuade Rāma to accept the kingdom by using nāstika arguments (Rāma refutes him in chapter 109): "O, the highly wise! 30 (6). Madhavacharya, the monist , authored it. The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Sarva-Darsana-Samgraha, by Madhava Acharya This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. p. 1. 20. Star Publications (P) Ltd, Delhi. All men are equal. on June 7, 2011. As regards Moksha, it remarked that death is the only liberation-. Darsana synonyms, Darsana pronunciation, Darsana translation, English dictionary definition of Darsana. The Sarva-Dariana-Sathgraha of great Acarya Madhava (14th century) is a very interesting specimen and an unique composition in the realm of Indian philosophical thought. The terms Lokayata and Brhaspatya have been used interchangeably for the Charvaka philosophy of materialism. Thus, to Charvakas, the step which the mind takes from the knowledge of something to infer the knowledge of something else could be accounted for by its being based on a former perception or by its being in error. The 8th century Tattvopaplavasimha of Jayarāśi Bhaá¹­á¹­a with Madhyamaka influence is a significant source of Charvaka philosophy. They also regard heaven and hell as non-existent as they are not perceivable. Comparison with other schools of Hinduism, https://dharmawiki.org/index.php?title=Charvaka_Darshana_(चार्वाकदर्शनम्)&oldid=124034. Therefore, their works should only be accepted critically. The Brahma- Jäla-Sütra and the Mätangi-Sütra give ample evidence that the followers of Lokãyata contributed a lot to the development of secular sciences such as medicine, astronomy and agronomy. comment. yika] treatise by Vag&wara, entitled Mdna-manohara," sound is non-eternal from the fact of its being a special. New Delhi: People's Publishing House. p. 27. The Sarva-Darsana-Sangraha of Madhavacharya by E. B. Cowell /A. Social equality is the supreme philosophy. The arguments and reasoning approach Charvakas deployed were significant that they continued to be referred to, even after all the authentic Charvaka/Lokāyata texts had been lost. The Charvakas pointed out the disagreements, debates and mutual rejection by karmakanda Vedic priests and jñānakanda Vedic priests, as proof that either one of them is wrong or both are wrong, as both cannot be right. Joshi, Dinkar. In Sarva-darsana-sangraha the author successively passes in review the sixteen philosophical systems current in India in 14th century CE, and gives what appeared to him to be their most important tenets, and the principal arguments by which their followers endeavoured to maintain them. Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. Adapted from Sarva-Darsana-Samgraha by Madhava Acharya, translated by E. B. Cowell and A. E. Gough. Items 1 - 15 of 27 The Best Sanskrit Literature Books Buy On GIRI Online Store at Best Price - donkeytime.org . Rs vadhyar and sons sanskrit books R S Vadhyar And Sons in Kalpathy, Palakkad is a top company in the category Book Publishers, also known for Hindi Book Publishers and much more. Nature alone is responsible for all happenings without any God. Only this perceptible world is real, rest is unreal. Several references to Lokãyata are available in the oldest texts of Jain and Buddhist literature. Chattopadhyaya, Debiprasad (1992). Sarva-darsana-sangraha of Madhavacharya. In the context of spiritual philosophy darsana means a worldvision, a view or window to the true nature of the world. A commentary on all the 16 major philosophical schools of thought prevalent in ancient India from atheism to advait vedanta. Uploaded by The work is authored by Annambhatta and the author himself has given a detailed commentary, called Tarka-Sangraha … "An Assessment of the Millenium" by Amartya Sen. UNESCO Lecture, New Delhi, 1998 All beings are created by male and female sexes. Amazon.in - Buy The Sarva-Darsana-Sangraha of Madhava Acharya or Review of the Different Systems of Hindu Philosophy book online at best prices in india on Amazon.in. Lokayata: A Study in Ancient Bharat's Materialism (7th ed.). Charvaka holds direct perception, empiricism, and conditional inference as proper sources of knowledge, embraces philosophical skepticism and rejects Vedas, Vedic ritualism, and … None can escape Death's searching eye: Since the Charvaka admitted only the immediate evidence of the senses, it accepted only four elements (. 1/4. The earliest documented Charvaka scholar in India is Ajita Kesakambali. Gough (Apr 3, 2013) Sarva Gita Sara/2012 Edition by Swami Sivananda (Dec 1, 2012) The Sarva-Darsana-Sangraha of Madhava Acharya or Review of the Different Systems of Hindu Philosophy by E.B. However, the authors of these works were thoroughly opposed to materialism and tried to portray the Charvaka in unfavourable light. An Introduction to Bharat's Philosophy. We daily experience that papi (पापी) persons prosper and enjoy in this world. See what's new with book lending at the Internet Archive. The word darsana literally means vision. This page was last edited on 12 March 2020, at 22:35. Charvaka (IAST: Cārvāka), originally known as Lokāyata and Bṛhaspatya, is the ancient school of Indian materialism. Tarka-Sangraha is a treatise in Sanskrit giving a foundational exposition of the ancient Indian system of logic and reasoning. o. The discussion between Paesi and Kesisramana, a follower of Parsvanatha, testifies that even before Mahavira, during the period of Parsvanatha, the materialistic philosophy of Lokayata (Nastika vada) was popular in ancient India. Cases where inference was justified by the result were seen only to be mere coincidences. individual thing is put forward as that which is primarily. ISBN 81-7650-190-5. Genre/Form: Bibliographies Bibliography Bibliographie: Additional Physical Format: Online version: Plott, John C. Sarva--Darśana--Sangraha. Hence all are equal. Charvaka was a living philosophy up to the 12th century in India's historical timeline, after which this system seems to have disappeared without leaving any trace. Lokãyata was the oldest heterodox system in India and certainly pre-Jain and pre-Buddhistic. The theory of action cannot be proved. Glimpses of Bharat's Culture. Source 2: ashtanga hridaya in english. Kegan Paul, Trench, and Trubner, London, 1914. Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg. Body is life. These refutations are indirect sources of Charvaka philosophy. Journal of Bharat's Philosophy. When the COVID-19 pandemic hit, our bandwidth demand skyrocketed. Reviews There are no reviews yet. Bhattacharya states that the claims against Charvaka of hedonism, lack of any morality and ethics and disregard for adhyatmikity is from texts of competing religious philosophies (Buddhism, Jainism and Hinduism), Its primary sources, along with commentaries by Charvaka scholars is missing or lost. There is no eternal soul apart from body. When once this frame of ours they burn. Ethics and Morals : Charvakas rejected the need for ethics or morals, and suggested that "while life remains, let a man live happily, let him feed on ghee even though he runs in debt". The Chinese Buddhist Dictionary entitled Yi-Qie-Jin-Yin-yi by Hui Lin translates M Lu-kã-ye-ti-kã " i.e. K.R. Ramkrishna Bhattacharya (2010), What the Cārvākas Originally Meant?, Journal of Bharat's Philosophy, 38(6), D Chatterjee (1977), Skepticism and Bharat's philosophy, Philosophy East and West, 27(2), Original Sanskrit version:Sarva-darsana-sangraha; English version: The Charvaka System with commentary by Madhava Acharya, Translators: Cowell and Gough (1882). There is no purity or superiority of caste. As can be seen from the following quotations, Madhvacharya and Madhavacharya belonged … The Sarva Darsana Samgraha book. The Charvaka school considers perception as the only reliable source of knowledge. In the text, the Mughal historian Abu'l-Fazl Mubarak summarizes Charvaka philosophy as "unenlightened" and that their literature as "lasting memorials to their ignorance". Bhattacharya points out that multiple manuscripts are inconsistent, with key passages alleging hedonism and immorality missing in many manuscripts of the same text. In the Räyapasenaiya-sütra, Mahãvlra narrates a story of an ancient king Paesi ( Pradesï ) of Kekaya Pradesa who was unrighteousness personified. Saraswat Sevak Gokhale, Pradeep P. The Cārvāka Theory of Pramāṇas: A Restatement, Philosophy East and West (1993). 187, 227–234); V.V. In the doctrine of Vyadi, who maintained that words. Shankara and Bharat's Philosophy. The efforts of Charvaka are indeed hard to be eradicated, for the majority of living beings hold by the current refrain: While life is yours, live joyously; After invoking, in the Prologue of the book, the Hindu gods Shiva and Vishnu ("by whom the earth and rest were produced"), Vidyāraṇya asks, in the first chapter: ""but how can we attribute to the Divine Being the giving of supreme felicity, when such a notion has been utterly abolished by Charvaka, the crest-gem of the atheistic school, the follower of the doctrine of Brihaspati? There is no other life after the death of body. Its philosophy embraces philosophical skepticism and rejects Vedas, Vedic ritualism and supernaturalism. A critical survey of Bharat's philosophy (Reprinted. Hindu inggih punika silih sinunggil agama sané wénten ring jagat guminé. (Radhakrishnan 1957, pp. An icon used to represent a menu that can be toggled by interacting with this icon. the ear), just. The Sarva-Darsana-Samgraha by Madhava Acharya, E.B. P. 37. Ain-i-Akbari, a record of the Mughal Emperor Akbar's court, mentions a symposium of philosophers of all faiths held in 1578 at Akbar's insistence. It contains all that which is required to know as to the fundamental principles of different systems of Hindu philosophical thought. The Sarva-darsana-siddhanta-san-graha, also known as Sarva-siddhanta-sangraha, ascribed to the great Advaita teacher Shankaracharya, is a versified epitome of the basic tenets of the major schools of Indian Philosophy-both theistic and atheistic. plus-circle Add Review. Shantarakshita and Adi Shankara use the word lokayata to mean materialism, with the latter using the term Lokāyata, not Charvaka. Mind and body are unified. Astanga Hrdayam - 3 Volumes by K. Srikantha Murthy. Original Sanskrit version:Sarva-darsana-sangraha; English version: The Charvaka System with commentary by Madhava Acharya, Translators: Cowell and Gough (1882) Joshi, Dinkar. Free delivery on qualified orders. Be the first one to write a review. P. 37. Noun 1. Salunkhe, A. H. Aastikashiromani Chaarvaaka (in Marathi). A review of the different systems of Hindu philosophy by Vidyaranya Swami. (University of Calcutta: 1984), Bhatta, Jayarashi. It is interesting to note that Dasa-bhumi-vibhãsã-sãstra translated into Chinese in the latter half of Chin Dynasty during 384-417 A. D. refers to Lokäyatika as Lu-ka- ye-jin " i. e. Lokãyata Sütra. ISBN 978-81-206-1564-9.

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